Reliability and validity of the Delphi method in guideline development for family physicians.
- Reliability and validity of the Delphi method in guideline development for family physicians.
- Tomasik T
- Qual Prim Care
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BACKGROUND: the aim of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of the Delphi method in preparing hypertension guidelines for family physicians in Poland.
METHODS: a two-round Delphi method was used to develop guidelines for management of hypertension by the College of Family Physicians in Poland. The respondent group consisted of 36 family physicians and 19 specialists. To assess reliability, the internal correlation coefficient (Cronbach's alpha) was calculated for both rounds. Criterion validity was examined by comparing recommendations in the guidelines with scientific evidence from a study in the Medline database. The content validity was estimated by measurement of extent to which recommendations were related to the competences of family physicians in Poland. To calculate construct validity, a comparison between the results obtained by the Delphi method with those of other methods was performed (Holley and Guilford (G) index).
RESULTS: reliability (Cronbach's alpha) was 0.944 for round one and 0.850 for round two. The five missing recommendations and contrary evidence for one recommendation indicated that criterion validity was fulfilled only in part. Among 28 routine tasks related to hypertension carried out by family physicians, the guidelines contained no recommendations for five (17.9%) of them. This indicated that content validity was only satisfactory, whereas construct validity was good (Holley and Guilford (G) index 0.39-0.65).
CONCLUSION: the Delphi method in the form used in Poland for preparing hypertension guidelines showed good reliability and satisfactory validity. The method should be used judiciously and only after careful preparation.
Reliability and validity of the Delphi method in guideline development for family physicians. Tomasik T. Qual Prim Care 2010; 18(5):317-26.