Book Navigation

Requirements and definitions in conflict of interest policies of medical journals

Overview
Title:
Requirements and definitions in conflict of interest policies of medical journals
Authors:
Blum JA, Freeman K, Dart RC, Cooper RJ
Journal:
JAMA
Publication date:
2009
Volume:
302
Issue:
20
First page:
2230
Last page:
2234
ISSN:
1538-3598
Link to pubmed:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19934424
Publication type:
Journal
Abstract
CONTEXT: Conflicts of interest (COIs) may influence medical literature. However, it is unclear whether medical journals have consistent policies for defining and soliciting COI disclosures. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of author COI policies, requirements for signed disclosure statements, and variability in COI definitions among medical journals. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey of Instructions for Authors and manuscript submission documents, including authorship responsibility forms, for high-impact medical journals across 35 subject categories available from March through October 2008. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Presence of language referring to COI disclosure in the Instructions for Authors or manuscript submission documents. RESULTS: Of 256 journals, 89% had author COI policies. Fifty-four percent required authors to sign a disclosure statement, and 77% provided definitions of COI. Most definitions were limited to direct financial relationships; a minority of journals requested disclosure of other potential conflicts such as personal relationships (42%), paid expert testimony (42%), relationships with other organizations (26%), or travel grants (12%). The prevalence of policies varied by subject category: all internal medicine, respiratory medicine, and toxicology journals studied had comprehensive COI definitions, with 19 of these 24 journals requiring signed disclosure attestations. In contrast, 6 of 19 geriatrics, radiology, and rehabilitation journals requested author COI disclosure. Most journals that officially endorsed International Committee of Medical Journal Editors guidelines had COI policies (68/69), compared with 84% of journals not endorsing the guidelines (158/187). CONCLUSIONS: In 2008, most medical journals with relatively high impact factors had author COI policies available for public review. Among journals, there was substantial variation in policies for solicitation of author COIs and in definitions of COI.
Preview

Requirements and definitions in conflict of interest policies of medical journals Blum JA, Freeman K, Dart RC, Cooper RJ. JAMA 2009; 302(20):2230-2234.

Page last updated: Dec 22, 2009
Copyright © 2002-2016 Guidelines International Network.
All rights reserved

The Guidelines International Network is formally constituted as a Scottish Guarantee Company under Company Number SC243691 and recognised as a Scottish Charity under Scottish Charity Number SC034047 with its Registered Office at J. & H. Mitchell W.S., 51 Atholl Road, Pitlochry, Perthshire PH16 5BU, Scotland.

Back to top